Polish rail infrastructure manager PKP Polish Railway Lines (PKP PLK) has started operations of Łódź Fabryczna train station on the 12.10.2016. PKP PLK, the City of Łódź and Polskie Koleje Państwowe, with EU’s financial support, have invested over PLN 1.8bn (EUR 404 million) in the construction of the three level inter-modal transport hub which includes a rail station, bus terminal, tram station, walking area, bicycle lanes and car parking spaces.
The new rail station is scheduled to run about 130 trains a day. The 3rd level of the train station is situated 16.5 m underground and has a platform area with four platforms and eight tracks. To bring traffic to the platforms a twin-tube 1.7 km long tunnel was built. The tunnel and the station include 12.5 km of electrified lines. The rigid 3kV overhead line is also a unique solution in Poland.
The train station roof has steel frames filled with 10,000 triangular, partly translucent panels, which allow natural light to reach the platform areas. On each platform there are two elevators and escalators. At the second level, eight meters under the surface, there are 18 offices, as well as waiting rooms and commercial areas. On the north side a bus terminal is also available. On the ground floor there are eight bus stops and a tram station with four platforms.
Construction and modernisation works were carried out by a consortium formed by Torpol (consortium leader), Astaldi, PBDiM and Intercor.
According to Torpol, the new Łódź Fabryczna train station ranks first in Poland and third in Europe in terms of scale and works complexity of a railway investment. It can be compared with such projects as the main railway stations in Berlin and Vienna, which are considered architectural gems. The project employed 300 designers, who made almost 13 thousand. drawings, and required the involvement of nearly 15 thousand. employees, managed by approx. 300 engineers from various industries. The investment is part of the contemporary model of creating integrated transport systems in the city center, which have the advantage, among others, of optimizing cost and transportation time.