A lot has happened on the Polish rail market in 2015 in terms of railway rolling stock operated by a passenger carriers. Dozens of new vehicles were put into operation, also completely new constructions. Vast majority of them was supplied by domestic manufacturers.
In 2015, 68 electric multiple units and 18 diesel multiple units in total have been delivered on the Polish market. There are completely new constructions among them – new Dart EMUs manufactured by Pesa Bydgoszcz for PKP Intercity. 7 of 20 units have been delivered by the producer in 2015. Class ED161 Dart are 8-car EMUs. The national long-distance bought them with the intention to handle interregional relations in TLK train categories: Jelenia Góra – Wrocław – Łódź – Warszawa – Białystok/Lublin and Białystok/Lublin – Warszawa – Koluszki – Częstochowa – Katowice – Bielsko-Biała. Pesa had some problems with completing the order – the whole batch of 20 units was intended to be delivered until the end of 2015, but at the moment only 15 has been handed to the operator.
Another 20 Flirt3 EMUs were delivered by the consortium Newag – Stadler. It completed the order under a contract signed in November 2013. The 8-car electric multiple units being used on Warsaw – Bydgoszcz, Kraków – Kielce – Warsaw – Olsztyn, Gdynia – Łódź – Katowice and Kraków – Łódź – Szczecin routes. In 2015 Stadler also completed another order for Flirt trains in Poland – 4 lastr 2-car EMUs for Łódź Agglomeration Railway (Łódzka Kolej Aglomeracyjna).
Polish manufacturer Newag delivered also 32 type Impuls EMUs to various regional self-governments and to Koleje Mazowieckie (Mazovian Railways, a regional carrier responsible for railway connections in Mazovian Region). The Impuls platform is a family of modern electric multiple units manufactured by Newag since 2012. The vehicles can be manufactured in numerous configurations (Newag is able to provide 2-, 3-, 4-, 5- and 6-car units). They proved their high reliability and technical capabilities – in August 2015 Impuls EMU has broken the speed record of train produced in Poland – 225.2 km/h.
Pesa Bydgoszcz, the second biggest Polish manufacturer, has also delivered some EMUs in 2015. The number of ordered units was lower than a year before, but the producer was also active on foreign markets and delivered several dozen of trams to Polish cities. In 2015 Pesa had to content itself with 1 Acatus EMU, 1 Elf EMU and 3 Acatus Plus EMUs.
The numbers of vehicles delivered by Pesa in 2015 are more impressive if we take into account diesel multiple units. The manufacturer from Bydgoszcz leased 4 Link EMUs to Greater Poland Railways (Koleje Wielkopolskie) and sold another 4 Link EMUs to Lower Silesian Railways (Koleje Dolnośląskie). The vehicles were manufactured to regional carrier Regentalbahn, but Pesa failed to obtain the necessary vehicle authorization for German lines. The rest of DMUs delivered by Pesa in 2015 are e.g. 8 class SA136 (Atrib) units for Pomeranian regional self-government for the newly-built PKM line. At the same time, Newag managed to provide Mazovian Railways with only one class 222M DMU.
In 2015 Pesa also launched production of completely new vehicles in their portfolio – double-deck coaches. Together with Gama electric locomotives, these units are coupled in push-pull trainsets by Mazovian Railways, which bought 22 Sundeck coaches coaches (type 416B – intersectional, 316B – driving coaches) and 2 Gamas. The coaches are mainly designed for servicing of local agglomerations with large streams of passengers. All the units have been delivered to Mazovian Railways by Pesa in December 2015. In the basic configuration (locomotive + 6 coaches + driving coach), one such train is able to carry approximately 1,700 passengers in total. The carrier is using them on the routes from Warsaw to Skierniewice, Dęblin, Wołomin, Sochaczew, Radom, Płock and Działdów.
PKP Intercity also received 20 traditional, single-deck coaches in 2015. 4 1st class compartment coaches type 156A, 2 2nd class compartment coaches type 157Aa, 4 1st class open saloon coaches type 158A, 8 2nd class open saloon coaches type 159A and 2 restaurant coaches type 407A were delivered by H. Cegielski – Fabryka Pojazdów Szynowych (FPS). FPS is Poland’s only manufacturer and supplier of both passenger coaches and sleeping coaches suitable for international traffic at speeds up to 200 km/h, including dual-gauge rail cars designed for changeover on 1435/1520 mm rails. The company is dependent on orders from PKP Intercity and awaits further orders. The carrier announced it’s plans to modernise 60 electric locomotives and 400 passenger coaches.
Although there have been further orders for 6 EMUs, 12 DMUs and 12 locomotives placed in Poland, domestic manufacturers are worried by the supposed gap between the EU perspectives (2007-2013 and 2014-2020). They are afraid that, because of various reasons, the carriers and self-governments will be placing orders for the rolling stock not in 2016, but in the following years. That’s why the expansion on foreign markets is so crucial for their financial liquidity. Newag Group as well as Pesa Bydgoszcz have already announced that they are working on developing new projects: Impuls II and Elf II EMUs.
Let’s discuss the future of the Central and Eastern European railway rolling stock market. Join the debate on March 16-17, 2016 in Warsaw. European Rolling Stock Forum 2016 is the largest and most prestigious business conference in the CEE, devoted to the railway vehicle manufacturing market in the region.
This year’s conference will amongst other topics discuss the biggest business opportunities for the rolling stock manufacturers and suppliers in the region, the most modern technologies used in the construction and maintenance of railway vehicles, especially regarding energy consumption, components and design.
Find out more at: www.europeanrollingstockforum.eu
By Michał Grobelny